Recent News

Congratulations to our 2021 DPRG Honours Students!

Last Friday, our three DRPG honours students successfully defended their honours theses! A huge congratulations to Jenna Sim, Alexa Durand, and Blessing Adeagbo for their hard work with the DPRG team. It has been an honour to have all three students with us this year, and we cannot wait to see what’s next for them all.

Learn more about the research projects that Jenna, Alexa, and Blessing have been involved with this year below.

Jenna Sim

Saying goodbye to biases: Examining whether a 20-minute online module can reduce Human Kinetic students’ explicit biases on weight and race

Objective: Many healthcare practitioners hold explicit biases. Two common types of explicit bias seen in healthcare are weight and
racial bias. The bias a practitioner holds can have negative effects on the quality of care provided to their patients. Small Steps for Big Changes (SSBC) is a diabetes prevention program designed to empower individuals at risk of developing type 2 diabetes to make diet and exercise changes in their life. It is important to train SSBC coaches on cultural safety and inclusivity (CSI) to try to reduce the explicit biases they may hold towards future SSBC clients. The goal of this study was to examine whether existing weight and racial bias in undergraduate Human Kinetics students (a population representative of SSBC coaches) could be feasibly reduced. A brief cultural safety training module was developed for SSBC coaches. It was hypothesized that, compared to students who did not read the CSI module, students who read the CSI module would report less explicit weight and racial bias.

Methods: 22 UBC Okanagan Human Kinetics undergraduate students (82% women) were recruited through classroom visits and online postings. Participants were randomly divided into four groups: CSI Indigenous vignette, non-CSI Indigenous vignette, CSI overweight vignette, and non-CSI overweight vignette. The two CSI groups read the module, and the non-CSI groups watched an irrelevant neutral video matched for length of time to the CSI material. Participants then read a written vignette describing a mock SSBC client who was identified as either Indigenous or overweight. Explicit bias was measured by asking participants to rate the mock SSBC client on their competence, compliance, reliability and motivation.

Results: There was no significant difference (p=0.41) in explicit bias between the CSI Indigenous group (mean=4.50;SD=1.19) and the non-CSI Indigenous group (mean=5.03;SD=0.91). Similarly, there was no significant difference (p=0.31) in explicit bias between the CSI overweight group (mean=5.04;SD=0.76) and the non-CSI overweight group (mean=4.25;SD=1.55).

Conclusion: These findings suggest that there was no difference in weight or racial explicit bias between those who read the brief CSI module and those who did not read it. On average, both the students who read the module and those who were in the non-CSI groups rated the mock clients as competent, compliant, reliable and motivaated. Human Kinetics students may not hold negative explicit biases about potential behaviour change clients based on weight and ethnicity, although caution should be made with interpretations as this analysis
is being conducted on a portion of the full sample size anticipated. Further research needs to be conducted to examine the effectiveness of watching this module on SSBC coaches’ explicit biases, as well as to examine whether these coaches have implicit racial and weight biases that may lead to negative client healthcare experiences.

Link to thesis presentation

Alexa Durand

Digital Diabetes Prevention Programs: A Scoping Review

Objective: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major cause of heart failure, kidney disease and amputations that places a large economic burden on the Canadian health care system. Fortunately, in the majority of cases, incidence of T2D can be prevented or delayed through modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet and or exercise. The increasing reliance on technology in everyday lives can be leveraged to improve reach of DPPs. The goal of this review is to summarize results and what specific intervention characteristics are used in digital diet and exercise interventions targeting diabetes risk and provide a single location where future researchers can find a compilation of current digital diabetes prevention programs.

Methods: In this scoping review, multiple electronic databases were searched for general key terms related to prediabetes or diabetes prevention combined with interventions or programs. Specific eligibility criteria were created to ensure consistent screening guidelines between the reviewers. Each title and abstract, then full text were screened by 2 independent reviewers. All eligible studies were screened to identify digital diabetes prevention programs. The TIDieR checklist was used to extract the relevant information from each study.

Results: 18,795 titles and abstracts were screened resulting in 788 eligible full-text studies to be reviewed. After full-text screening there were 200 programs eligible for data extraction and of those, 31 programs were digital diabetes prevention programs. Data extraction using the TIDieR has been completed for 14 studies and is ongoing for the remaining 17. Mode of delivery included mobile phone applications (n=6), websites (n=7) and texting (n=1). Majority of these DPPs were conducted in America (n=7), with participants identifying most commonly as white (49%). The majority of the studies had contact with the participants about twice a week, however this ranged from daily messages to monthly phone calls. The majority of the studies had the participants working with a health coach or trainer to help guide and support the participants to reach their diet and/or exercise goals. Digital DPPs consistently underreport use of theory (only 1 discussed theory use) and demographic data (only 4 of the 14 analyzed thus far provided demographic information, and of those, none reported on both sex and gender).Majority of the completed studies showed positive results such as, improved weight loss (n = 6), decreased values of HbA1c (n = 3) and a general acceptance of the use of digital platforms for diabetes prevention programs (n = 3). Ongoing analysis for the remaining 17 studies will add to these findings.

Conclusion: While Digital DPPs are consistently shown to positively impact diabetes risk and are well accepted, future research is needed to know which mode of digital delivery is best and how these digital programs may differentially influence and can be tailored for different population groups. These components are important because the use of a digital format for diabetes prevention programs can help to provide resources to individuals who aren’t able to or have trouble accessing in-person DPPs.

Link to thesis presentation

Blessing Adeagbo

Receptiveness to Workplace Exercise

Introduction: The majority of Canadians are not currently active enough to meet physical activity guidelines. In addition to being
inactive, most Canadian adults are spending long periods of time engaging in sedentary behaviours. A large proportion of this
sedentary time is spent in the workplace – whether that work is conducted at home or on-site. The work environment may be one
viable target for physical activity interventions. “Exercise snacks” – short bouts of high-intensity exercise with 1-4 hours of rest in-between – is one possible mode of delivering physical activity throughout a work shift as it does not require long breaks, change of attire, and could break up long periods of sitting. Understanding perceived barriers and receptivity to workplace physical activity interventions is critical information needed to inform the design of future interventions. The purpose of this study was to 1) investigate determinants of workplace
exercise participation, 2) assess whether motivating factors and receptivity to workplace exercise interventions differ based on workplace location, and 3) explore receptivity of exercise snacks as a modality of workplace physical activity.

Methods: Thirty-eight full time employees (23 women; Mage = 37.5 ± 12.8 years) who reported 6+ hours per workday of sitting and/or standing still participated in this study. Participants completed an online survey with questions related to determinants of participation in
workplace exercise – using the Determinants of Physical Activity Questionnaire (DPAQ) – and receptivity to exercise snacks in the workplace (1-7 point scale). Participants were dichotomized into two groups dependent on where they spent a majority (i.e., 3+ days/ week) of their weekdays working: at home or on-site.

Results: Scores of ≤ 5 on the DPAQ indicate likely barriers to physical activity participation. In this sample, motivation and goals (M = 4.9), action planning (M = 4.6), coping planning (M = 3.5), and goal conflict (M = 4.4) were lowest out of the 11 DPAQ areas. For the determinant of motivation and goals, on-site participants had significantly lower mean scores (M = 4.2; n = 10) than at-home participants (M = 5.2; p = 0.04; n = 28). No significant differences were found between at-home versus on-site participants for any other determinant areas. Anticipated enjoyment of engaging in exercise snacks was relatively high for exercise snacks (M = 5.3), and factors that may encourage participation included an exercise-friendly workplace (M = 5.9), performing exercise snacks with co-workers (M = 5.1), and having
informational (M = 5.0) or instructional guidance (M = 5.1). Factors that may discourage participation in exercise snacks included perceived belief that a change of clothes was needed (M = 3.4) and that they would break a sweat (M = 3.7).

Conclusion: These preliminary findings suggest workplace physical activity interventions should target individuals’ motivation and ability to plan exercise sessions, as well as teaching strategies to self-regulate and preplan for exercise sessions. Work location does not appear
to impact which determinants of exercise should be targeted for workplace physical activity interventions. The findings also suggest exercise snacks may present a plausible workplace exercise modality.

Link to thesis presentation

Congratulations, Jenna, Alexa, and Blessing!

Welcome Natalie Grieve and Blanca Gala!

This year, two new MSc students join the Diabetes Prevention Research Group! We are thrilled to welcome Natalie Grieve and Blanca Gala to the team, and cannot wait to learn from their expertise.

Headshot of Natalie Grieve

Natalie Grieve joins the team from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where she completed her undergraduate degree at Cardinal Stritch University.

Natalie’s research interests are in health behaviour change, pain management and chronic disease. Between Natalie’s undergraduate and current masters degree, she has worked at two different pain clinics, one in Seattle and one in Kelowna!

Natalie is thrilled to join the DPRG team, and can’t wait to explore the ski mountains here in the Okanagan has to offer! She is also an avid tennis player and is certified to tennis coach and a member of the Tennis Professional Association in Canada. One of her favourite quotes is, “Always strive to be your best knowing that you will never get there.”


headshot of Blanca Gala

Blanca Gala joins the team from Mexico City where she completed a bachelors degree in economics (Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education) and a masters in public policy (Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico). Her masters thesis, “Obesity and overweight, a health public problem derived from the socioeconomic inequality in Mexico”, analyzed how socioeconomic inequity affects overweight and obesity in Mexico, specifically in children.

Blanca’s research with the DPRG will focus on look at the most important psychological and emotional factors that impact the adherence to an exercise and a diet plan, and how these can be improved by continuously self-monitoring. She strongly believes that if researchers can work together with policymakers, chronic conditions such as diabetes can be prevented around the world, making people’s lives longer and happier.

Blanca is thrilled to join the DPRG team and can’t wait to take her dog, Coco, on walks around the Okanagan. She is looking forward to exploring wineries in the Okanagan and learning to ski. Blanca also enjoys running marathons, reading, and baking!

 

Welcome to the team, Natalie and Blanca!

Dr. Mary Jung profiled in “Meet your Prof”

Dr. Mary Jung, Director of the Diabetes Prevention Research Group, was recently profiled in UBC’s Health and Exercise Sciences “Meet your Professor” series.

To learn more about Dr. Mary Jung, how and why she got involved in diabetes prevention, and all about opportunities for getting involved in the DPRG, check out the video below and feature article here.

 

 

Dr. Corliss Bean profiled in Our Stories at the University of British Columbia

Headshot of Dr. Corliss Bean

DPRG alumni Dr. Corliss Bean was recently profiled with Our Stories at the University of British Columbia!

Until her recent faculty appointment with Brock University, Corliss’ postdoctoral fellowship with the DPRG focused on evaluating the Small Steps for Big Changes program. Corliss works closely with 14 women who participated in the Small Steps program, studying their journey to understand why and how the program is working.

Corliss says, “Throughout my research, the importance of providing people with the tools they need to make their own changes has become so evident. It’s all about prevention.”

Read more about Corliss Bean’s research and story here: https://ourstories.ok.ubc.ca/stories/corliss-bean/

Now seeking PhD Fellowship applications to join the DPRG!

A Small Steps for Big Changes participant checks her blood pressure with help from a health trainer.

The Diabetes Prevention Research Group is actively seeking PhD Fellowship applications for a motivated student interested in investigating implementation science on a community-based diabetes prevention program.

The fellowship is generously funded by the UBC Stober Foundation at $25,000/year for 4 years. The successful candidate will be supervised by Dr. Mary Jung and should have a track record of research in health behaviour change. Previous experience working with community populations would be an asset.

For more information, please see the UBC Stober Foundation Fund project page or the project description handout here.

Deadline to apply: May 14, 2021

Farewell to DPRG Postdocs Sean & Corliss

Sean Locke and Corliss Bean, Postdoctoral Fellows with the Diabetes Prevention Research Group (DPRG) at UBC, will be greatly missed as they embark on the next stages of their careers at Brock University this fall.

Their hard work over the past several years has been invaluable in transitioning the Small Steps for Big Changes pilot study to a large community study based out of YMCAs in the Okanagan and beyond.

Corliss Bean joined the DPRG as Postdoctoral Fellow in fall 2017. During her time with the DPRG, Corliss was awarded the Killam Post-doctoral Research Fellowship Prize (2019), funded through a 3-year trainee award through Michael Smith Foundation for Health-funded Post-Doctoral Fellow, and secured her first tri-council grant as a Principal Investigator (Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council in partnership with YMCA of Okanagan).

Corliss’ work with the DPRG has furthered her passion for community-engaged work with the goal of fostering physical and psychosocial health. She has worked with experts in the field of knowledge translation, reinforcing the importance of making research evidence accessible and relevant.

This fall, Corliss begins her new position at the Department of Recreation & Leisure Studies at Brock University. In her years with the team, Corliss has had excellent teaching, supervisory, and mentoring experiences, leading to lasting friendships and colleague connections.

Sean Locke joined DPRG as a Postdoctoral Fellow in spring 2016. During his time with the DPRG, Sean received Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR) and Diabetes Canada postdoctoral fellowships, and a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Insight Development Grant (as a PI) to study individuals’ biased and negative exercise thoughts. As part of this project, he partnered with the City of Kelowna’s Sport and Exercise programming to test a novel health coaching strategy to help individuals to reframe their negative and biased exercise thoughts.

Sean recalls, “Small Steps has come a long way since 2016 – the YMCA staff are now delivering the program and the partnership has strengthened so much that the program is going to be delivered out of multiple YMCAs. It’s super exciting to see”.

Through his time at the DPRG Sean recalls receiving lots of project coordination and mentorship experience, but also had the autonomy to develop his own research program alongside this work.

Sean said, “Mary and the DPRG are so supportive of one another. I really wouldn’t be where I am, and learned what I learned without the camaraderie within the lab. We had a lot of fun together, but also managed to write a few papers along the way.”

This fall, Sean begins his new position at the Department of Kinesiology at Brock University. He’s moving forward, having developed the right skills with the right partnerships to pursue excellence in teaching and academic scholarship.

Sean and Corliss bring a wealth of experience with them to her new faculty positions at Brock University. Their excellent work, ever-present smiles, positive attitudes, and many contributions to the team will be missed.

The DPRG team wish Sean and Corliss the best of luck at Brock University and beyond!

DPRG Spring & Summer 2020 publications round-up!

DPRG Spring & Summer 2020 Publications Round-upIt’s been a busy six months at the Diabetes Prevention Research Group this spring and summer! Our team has been hard at work translating research findings from our community-based health and exercise programs to publication. Take a look at a few of the articles that our group has published so far this year, below.

 

Continue reading “DPRG Spring & Summer 2020 publications round-up!”

DPRG partnership with new YMCA at Home platform

The Diabetes Prevention Research Group team has been hard at work behind the scenes over the past several weeks developing at-home resources for past, present, and future Small Steps for Big Changes participants.

Today, we’re pleased to present YHealth: Diabetes Prevention Series, featuring the Small Steps for Big Changes team coaches and hosted on the YMCA at Home platform. This series is designed to help you make lasting lifestyle changes to lower the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Watch the series to learn how to incorporate physical activity into your daily routine, and to make sustainable dietary changes.

Screenshot of YHealth Diabetes Prevention Series on YMCA at Home Platform

Be sure to check back soon, as more videos will be added to the series in the coming weeks!

Funding for this series is generously provided by UBC Community Engagement.

Staff Retreat

The Diabetes Prevention Research Group recently met for a few days in beautiful Summerland BC to celebrate our progress over the past few years and brainstorm for the future – with some breaks for wine tasting of course!

 

 

 

Small Steps for Big Changes 2nd Anniversary Event

On November 13th 2019, the Diabetes Prevention Research Group and the YMCA of Okanagan celebrated their second anniversary of the Small Steps for Big Changes program. This community partner event was held on the eve of World Diabetes Day and hosted over 70 diabetes prevention stakeholders from the academic, clinical, and community contexts at the Laurel Packing House, downtown Kelowna.